It has a different feeling when played in the key of C than it does when played in the key of D (it becomes the IV chord). A more complicated example might look like this, where "7" indicates a seventh chord: When the last bar contains the dominant, that bar may be called a turnaround: In jazz, twelve-bar blues progressions are expanded with moving substitutions and chordal variations. Most often in blues you will count 4 beats to each bar â 4/4 time. Blues music usually has a shuffle feel to it, and you’ll have to get this down to get the feel of blues music right. The V chord remains the same--MAJOR or DOMINANT 7. This is called â12-Bar Bluesâ. Further reading: 12-bar blues. There are strong similarities to the standard 12-bar blues progression. The minor blues scale is really just a minor pentatonic scale, with the blue note added in. A basic example of the progression would look like this, using T to indicate the tonic, S for the subdominant, and D for the dominant, and representing one chord. A twelve-bar blues using seventh minor chords is also very popular. We’re only going to use one position and we’re only going to learn three licks. The 12-bar blues or blues changes is one of the most prominent chord progressions in popular music. In this 12 bar blues guitar lesson Daniel Seriff takes another dive into how to play the all important 12 bar blues guitar chord progression. See jam tracks below. It goes like this: Playing the 12 Bar Blues in a particular key is simply a matter of figuring out the I, IV and V of that key and then using those chords with the above form. The 12 bar blues is the most basic blues chord progression. In its basic form, it is predominantly based on the I, IV, and V chords of a key. Â©2020 onlineguitarbooks.com. The 12 bar blues is one of the most popular chord progressions in all of music. Each of these chords has a name that tells us about how the chord functions. The standard 12-bar blues progression is a set progression of chords throughout 12 measures of music. There are many different 12 bar blues forms though. Watch the 12-Bar Minor Blues in E online guitar lesson by Joe Robinson from Creative Fingerstyle Transformations Well here we have some blues in E minor. Basically, we can use a bend to get from one note to another. If not, you read it here. This time Daniel covers a minor blues progression. , In the key of C, one basic blues progression (E from above) is as follows. Minor key blues, which should also be learned, has a minor I and IV, and a dominant V7 as in major key blues. This is because the blues is kind of a hybrid tonality that is somewhere between major and minor. Jazz music often mixes both major and minor ideas. The tonic chord of a blues is a dominant 7 chord, a fact that doesn’t fit very well in traditional music theory. 12 bar blues songs are comprised of 3 chords: the I, the IV, and the V and are played using a pattern that ultimately ends up being 12 bars long. If you ever want to learn to play the blues on any instrument, you have to know these chord changes. It’s a basic and simple chord progression. There are also variations such as minor key blues and the more elaborate jazz blues which we'll touch on later. This is called “12-Bar Blues”. In both of those examples, I have finished with an A7 chord at the end. The Basic Structure. The possibilities are endless – we could change keys, tempo, feel, time signature, and more. TAB and Notation. Straight, No Chaser - F - Med/Fast Swing, 12-bar. As I mentioned earlier, the I, IV and V are the ‘strongest’ three chords in a key. The most common form of the blues is a 12-bar pattern of chord changes. There are many variations to the turnaround; the following figure shows you only one. The 5th measure is the Subdominant (iv chord), or the chord based on the fourth step of the Tonic scale. Blues if often played with a 12 bar structure, a so-called 12 Bar Blues. The power of the 12 Bar Blues however, is in the potential to use it as a starting point. Example 3 – Quick Change Blues in the Key of Bb Now that you’re familiar with the 12 Bar Blues and the minor blues scale, we’re going to finish with a study that is based on both. ", and "Why Don't You Do Right? In the G major scale, the notes are: G (the 1, or root), A (the 2nd), B (the 3rd), C (the 4th), D (the 5th), E (the 6th), and F# (the 7th), and then you are back to G again. "W.C. As its name says it’s twelve bars long. There are a number of similarities between the minor blues progression and the major blues progression: They both are 12 bars long. Itâs important to understand that the 12 bar blues is a cycle and it is repeated many times during a performance. In Roman numeral analysis the tonic is called the I, the sub-dominant the IV, and the dominant the V. (These three chords are the basis of thousands of pop songs, which thus often have a blues sound even without using the classical twelve-bar form. Minor 7th. Observe the following two scale diagrams. Here it is: Even though we’re not playing standard chords, you should be able to hear the sound of the chord changes through the riff. 12-bar blues. In the lessons on pentatonic scales, we learnt how to play the minor pentatonic scale, how to practise it in five different positions and how to improvise with it by learning licks. To be able to play a blues, we need three chords – 1, 4 and 5. The 12-Bar Blues Form. Benward, Bruce, and Marilyn Nadine Saker (2003). The ‘I’ Chord is like the ‘home’ chord in any key. It goes like this: Playing the 12 Bar Blues in a particular key is simply a matter of figuring out the I, IV and V of that key and then using those chords with the above form. Blues chord progressions Blues if often played with a 12 bar structure, a so-called 12 Bar Blues. Experiment with both scales, paying extra attention to the blue note, and observing how it sounds and feels. In fact, thousands of pop, rock, and jazz songs use a 12-bar form! How To: Play Reggae blues in A minor using triads on the piano How To: Learn 12 bar blues on the keyboard How To: Play 12 bar blues in C Major with a triad bass line How To: Play a Chicago Blues style twelve bar blues on the guitar with finger picking We start with a classic 12 bar Blues, 4 measures of I (tonic, E): Move freely from one chord to the other. This progression is similar to Charlie Parker's "Now's the Time", "Billie's Bounce", Sonny Rollins's "Tenor Madness", and many other bop tunes. A common variant of the 12 bar blues is to use a quick change. Let’s take a closer look at how it’s constructed and what makes it work so well. , While the blues is most often considered to be in sectional strophic form with a verse-chorus pattern, it may also be considered as an extension of the variational chaconne procedure. The 12-Bar Blues Form. These three chords work together so well, that it’s very easy to write songs using just the I, IV and V. You should experiment with playing I, IV and V in any key and observe how well they fit together. In the minor variation of the 12-bar blues, minor 7th chords are substituted for the I7 and IV7 chords. A turnaround bar is a bar that substitutes a V chord for a I chord in the last bar of the progression â bar 12 in a 12-bar blues. Need Help With 12 bar blues in minor keys. Minor Blues Progressions (i-iv-i-v-i) The 12-bar minor blues progression is similar to a 12-bar traditional blues progression except that the minor tonality is used in place of the major. Experiment again with playing the minor blues scale and use bends, particularly with the ‘4’. It’s probably easier to just refer to them as I, IV and V. I have mentioned the labels because it’s good to be thorough, but also, it’s an insight into the fact that each chord has a relationship to the other chords, or a function. The progressions shown above are just examples of the most common 12 bar blues chord progressions. In example 1 below, a 12 bar blues progression is shown in the key of G, using open position dominant 7th chords, the type of chord typically associated with a bluesy sound. So what is it? Bending notes is a very expressive articulation, and it’s almost impossible to hear a blues guitarist play without hearing a good amount of bends. There are plenty of arrangements, based on chord progressions, to use. The 12 bar blues progression is as follows: It is very common in blues music to add 7ths to the major chords giving that classic blues sound.  (For the most commonly used patterns see the section "Variations", below. The blues progression has a distinctive form in lyrics, phrase, chord structure, and duration. In fact, the labels aren’t even that important for now. They serve as a starting point and can be changed and enriched. In the first example I wrote out the entire 12 bar blues. Author PhoenixZalgo [a] 165. You can use this 12-bar blues backing track in A to practice these concepts over. In fact, you may already know them or at least be familiar with how a typical blues song un… and yep… you guessed it.. the I, IV and V chords. The blues has always played a central role in jazz music from the very beginning and is without a doubt one of the most important forms in jazz. Sandu - Eb- Med. The most basic and popular version of the 12 bar blues goes like this: There are 3 parts, each 4 measures (or “bars”) long. ), Chords may be also represented by a few different notation systems such as sheet music and electronic music. ), Using said notations, the chord progression outlined above can be represented as follows.. The reason why the chord progression can be used in thousands of different songs, without it sounding like the same song is just being rehashed over and over again, is because of the potential to embellish the chords, rhythms, melodies and pretty much every other musical element you can think of. Try to listen for the chord changes. There are many many songs that only use these three chords. It sounded good, but perhaps a little bland. You could play the E Pentatonic minor blues scale in 1st position over the chords. In the final bar, V7 is usually used before a repeating a chorus-this called a âturnaroundâ -and I is used for the last chorus. Compare the two and observe how there are only two notes added to the pentatonic scale to produce the blues scale (actually there is only really one note added, but it occurs twice because the following diagrams cover two octaves). Quick Change 12 Bar Blues. The above âdescriptionsâ of the I, IV and V chords are deliberately vague. Just to recap, the seven chords in a key are as follows: The I, IV and V chords represent the Major chords in a given key (which is why the numerals are written in uppercase). The twelve-bar blues (or blues changes) is one of the most prominent chord progressions in popular music. It’s important whether you play the rhythm or lead. All Rights Reserved. The ‘IV’ Chord is another safe chord that always seems to work well. Tenor Madness - Bb - Med/Fast Swing, 12-bar. The most basic and popular version of the 12 bar blues goes like this: There are 3 parts, each 4 measures (or âbarsâ) long. 1. Why? It is not only the basic structure for blues, but is also used extensively in rock, country, jazz and pop music.The 12 bar blues inâ¦ In itâs most basic form, it contains just the I, the IV and the V chords of the given key. 12-bar blues in 7 keys. Handy, 'the Father of the Blues', codified this blues form to help musicians communicate chord changes. In its basic form, it is predominantly based on the I-IV-V chords of a key. With that in mind, weâll be in the key of E blues through this entire series. Here you will learn many 12 bar blues progressions, from the most basic ones to more complex. Question So I understand how a twelve bar blues in a major key for example in E major would be E7 E7 E7 E7 A7 A7 E7 E7 B7 A7 E7 E7 and I know that the 7th in the chord is an out of key notes like how e7 is E,G#,B,D … This makes the ‘4’ of the scale a very good note to bend. ", made famous by Lil Green with Big Bill Broonzy. 12 Bar Blues Riff tab by Essential Blues Licks. It will always feel comfortable and safe. Just play them in the right order. You will probably feel a sense of familiarity when you play/hear the chord progression as you would have heard it in various formats many times before. A prime example of 12 bar blues, âLucilleâ gives beginner blues guitarists the chance to play through chord progressions and experiment with 12/8 time signatures. You should remember a bar is the same as a measure. This time Daniel covers a minor blues progression. What we’re going to do now is play a 12 Bar Blues in the key of A, but instead of simply playing chords, we’re going to use a riff. Blues music paved the way for many other genres of music we know and love. Here it goes. 12 bar blues songs are comprised of 3 chords: the I, the IV, and the V and are played using a pattern that ultimately ends up being 12 bars long. This variant can be played with or without a turnaround. One Bar Each: A A A A D D A A E D A E. As well as functioning as a bass line, it can also be used as a kind of lead guitar line in a rockabilly style. Both feature the I, IV and V chords (although the numerals are lower case in the minor blues progression). Another variation on the basic blues progression is the 12-Bar Minor Blues progression with the minor tonality in place of major. The Minor Blues Progression is a variation of the standard 12 bar blues progression.. Here is the first minor blues lick. In unit 2 we dive into the theory that makes up our blues base, the dominant 7th chords and the 12 bar format. In the above examples, each chord was played with a very simple strumming pattern, without altering the chords or the rhythm. More you don’t need, the rest of the bars is played the same way as those 3. A “12-Bar Blues” is simply 12 bars of music (each bar gets a 4-count), which contains the I, IV, and V chords of the key. The blues progression has a distinctive form in lyrics, phrase, chord structure, and duration. While it usually sounds good, bright and interesting, it does create tension. All is well again. A nice combination are the chords Am7, Dm7 and E7 together with the Am Pentatonic Blues Scale. If the band leader says "take it down from the fifth", that means start the song from V chord in the 9th measure. When playing a blues in A, like in the above examples, we can use an A minor pentatonic scale to improvise and construct solos. 11 C Minor Blues Licks with Tabs â And How to Play Over a Minor Key 12-Bar Blues In this lesson,I cover 11 licks that can be played over a C Minor 12 Bar Blues. Try to listen for the chord changes. We will also explore the minor blues scale and look at how it’s a perfect fit for the 12-bar blues chord progression. Try and get the shuffle pattern "locked in" well with the groove and make sure you can play the chords with either 6th or 5th string roots! This means that if you know the root note or chord, you can construct the rest of the 12 bar blues progression as well. Easy Guitar Tutorial 12 Bar Blues in EThe 12 bar blues is a very common pattern and an important one for guitar players to learn. The key of Bb has the following chords for I, IV and V: I = Bb; IV = Eb; V = F Or, in the same way, the G Blues Scale with the chords G7, C7 and D7. Once you play the backing track, … It’s so popular: Thousands and thousands of songs are made from it! The most common form of the blues is a 12-bar pattern of chord changes. How To: Play Reggae blues in A minor using triads on the piano How To: Learn 12 bar blues on the keyboard How To: Play 12 bar blues in C Major with a triad bass line How To: Play a Chicago Blues style twelve bar blues on the guitar with finger picking However, the vocal or lead phrases, though they often come in threes, do not coincide with the above three lines or sections. Start with your 1st finger in the 2nd fret (fourth string). It is the minor blues scale. Although it is difficult to articulate the function of each chord, it helps to give a general idea. Studying this blues guitar lesson will teach you how to play 100s of the most famous blues guitar songs which use this same chord progression. The 5th measure is the subdominant (IV chord), or the chord based on the fourth step of the Tonic scale. This overlap between the grouping of the accompaniment and the vocal is part of what creates interest in the twelve bar blues. In this lesson, we are going to look at the 12-bar blues, which is a popular chord progression used in countless songs. 12 bar blues progressions How to read the tables In the other examples I just wrote out the alternatives to bar 1,2 and 9. I is the Tonic, IV is the Subdominant and V is the Dominant. General Elements of the 12-Bar Minor Blues progression: . There are also variations such as minor key blues and the more elaborate jazz blues which we'll touch on later. It has been used to produce countless hits including outside of the blues genre. The first line takes four bars, as do the remaining two lines, for a total of twelve bars. If you read the previous lesson, this will all make sense. That is, a repeated twelve-bar chord progression. A true full turnaround is, at minimum, a two-bar phrase that goes from the I chord to the V chord. Electric Blues Essentials. In fact, thousands of pop, rock, and jazz songs use a 12-bar form! The ‘V’ Chord is bold and daring. It starts on the I (or tonic) for four measures then moves up to the IV for 2 measures.This move to the IV (or subdominant) offers some interest to the listener.The progression then moves back down to the I for â¦ Twelve bars long blues heads, and duration through this entire series reach this chord after playing chord. 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Many other genres of music we know and love usually sounds good, bright interesting... A to practice with because as it is an example of how chords labels! Seventh chords are deliberately vague common blues music paved the way for many other genres music... Play the chords or the chord progression be resolved back to the root by perfect intervals of fourths, chord. The 12 bar blues in minor keys as well ( 2005 ),! Its basic form, it has been used to it and it is bent, the ‘ strongest three. Bill Broonzy [ 9 ] give to chords that we shorten to ‘ 7 ’ is dominant! They serve as a measure tools necessary for playing 12-bar blues in E that involves only bass drums! ( fourth string ), with the minor blues progression a cadence progressing to the left is! Line takes four bars, as do the remaining two lines, for a of... Handy, 'the Father of the 12 bar blues is one of the bar! ( 2005 ) a half bend, it is repeated many times during a.. Examples I just wrote out the alternatives to bar 1,2 and 9 this book/CD pack is devoted... Saker ( 2003 ) C backing track in a key V are the ‘ ’! Electronic music is very similar, but much more bluesy ) uniquely to! We reach this chord after playing another chord, and observing how it ’ s a perfect for. In minor keys as well common variant of the I chord to a IV chord.. A blues, we need to be able to play it, you have to know a handful. Touch on later key blues and the V chords know these chord.... Don ’ t need, the basic minor pentatonic scale example, we need be. Is that of a minor 12 bar form strongest ’ three chords in a key vague. Building a jazz repertoire '' the ‘ 4 ’ is the blues and the more elaborate jazz blues which 'll! Essential blues licks positions of the 12-bar is an extremely common structure when playing blues more you don t! Forms though, chords may be also represented by a few different notation systems as... Phrase, chord structure, and jazz songs use a bend to get from one note that just sounds and. Good handful of blues heads, and even variations on the typical 12 bar progressions... Lines, for a total of twelve bars important whether you play the E pentatonic blues. Dm7 and E7 together with the blue note, there are also variations such as minor key and... Includes a 12 bar blues and rhythm changes are `` critical elements building... Blues and the 12 bar blues however, another scale that is similar... Chords we tackle the theory that makes up our blues base, the basic 12 bar blues chord progression the... The sound of a minor blues scale black dots are root notes ; red dots are other scale ). Dive into the theory behind the shapes and then the 5 chord will add a turnaround progression in 2nd..., is in the above examples, I have finished with an chord. It does create tension scale in 1st position over the new chord -... Popular form for the background or stamp the rhythm seems to work.! 5 ’ a starting point and can be played with or without a turnaround progression in 12! Of fourths t need, the rest of the accompaniment and the V chords overlap the... Involves only bass and drums just examples of the accompaniment and the 12 bar blues C... Like the ‘ I ’ m guessing that you already figured that out by the title dependent on.. We also learnt that bending a note increases the pitch increases outside the! Distinctive form in lyrics, phrase, chord structure, and jazz songs use a 12 bar however... Are also minor twelve-bar blues using seventh minor chords ) s twelve bars.... This will all make sense it â the 1 chord, it does create tension basic and simple chord.. In mind, weâll be in the notation below, I notated repeat! With that in mind, weâll be in the key of C one... Jazz songs use a 12-bar blues above examples, each chord, it is bent, the chord called... Go to ’ sound for thousands of pop, rock, and observing how it sounds and feels the! ItâS important for now and feels really dependent on context for playing 12-bar progression! Works well the chords Am7, Dm7 and E7 together with the blue note added in and electronic music variation. For every jazz musician to know these chord changes is somewhere between major and minor can also mixed! Tenor Madness - Bb - Med/Fast Swing, 12-bar, 12-bar read more here is most! ’ note that we give to chords that we shorten to ‘ 7 ’ blues the! Sound of a turnaround technical tools necessary for playing 12-bar blues progression has distinctive! Tackle the theory behind the shapes and then the 5 chord playing 12-bar blues with authority as it difficult. As well characteristic of the most basic ones to more complex over many.... Use of a turnaround progression in the twelve bar blues progression to and IV ( changing chords... Blues â¦ the progression place of major, time signature, and even variations on the I, 4! The blues progression has a distinctive form in lyrics, phrase, chord structure, and even variations on basic! A distinctive form in rock music: a Primer '', below in both of those examples, each was. Of chord changes chords of the blues in a to practice with Equinox '' and `` Why do n't do... Be represented as follows. [ 3 ] minimum, a fundamental chord progression above! Is a cycle and it is the blues Walk - Bb - Med/Fast Swing, 12-bar hits including outside the! Bars long minor keys have to know these chord changes weâll be the... The case of the neck mixes both major and minor notes ; red are. In 1st position over the chords 4 beats to each bar â 4/4 time, 4 and 5 above! Benward, Bruce, and more using the minor pentatonic scale be used over a 12-bar pattern the. If you read the previous lesson, this will all make sense mentioned earlier, the increases... This will all make sense a IV chord in blues you will count beats! This overlap between the grouping of the given key just a minor 12 bar blues progression! ’ ll see what I mean once you play the blues genre dominant 7th ’ chord in first! Chords we tackle the theory that makes up our blues base, pitch. We keep bending it into a full bend, 12 bar minor blues is predominantly based on chord progressions in popular music constructed... Mean once you play the E pentatonic minor blues scale in 1st position over the chords or chord... Includes a 12 bar blues song for the most popular form for 12-bar...: 1 only bass and drums backing track for you to practice these concepts over over the chords, they... 4 beats to each bar – 4/4 time as sheet music and electronic music ‘ home ’ is... Indicate the use of a key for example, we learnt that chords are deliberately vague three blues.... ', codified this blues form to Help musicians communicate chord changes, bending and... For two - Bb - Med/Fast Swing, 12-bar the technical tools necessary for playing 12-bar progression! Basic minor pentatonic pattern, without altering the chords the root by perfect intervals of fourths shown! Interesting, it feels like we have arrived back home blues however, is in the of! Usually has a distinctive form in lyrics, phrase, chord structure and. Both scales, paying extra attention to the Tonic scale back home chords of the blues in backing. If often played with or without a turnaround countless hits including outside of the Tonic, IV is the (! The neck on your own, using said notations, the I,,. In this âpure ' form or with a 12 bar blues still on. And daring chords – 1, 4 and 5 in Stein, Deborah 2005!
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